Overview covers the symptoms and treatment of abdominal aneurysm condition
Abdominal aneurysm (AAA) occurs in 5% of men and 1% of women over the age of 65. Rupture of abdominal aneurysm is fatal in 80%–90% of cases when pre-hospital deaths are included. Thus, elective repair should be considered for any AAA with a maximal diameter of 5.5 cm (men) or 5.0 cm (women).
Human body is highly vulnerable to various types of diseases and modern lifestyles as well as stressful life have added to its complexity. Some of these diseases may be treated with minor therapies however many a time one can face severe problems the symptoms of which may affect other parts of body as well. From among various disorders that cause problem to the body abdominal aneurysm is specifically related to aorta abdomen and blood circulatory system.
Abdominal aneurysm signs & symptoms
For most of the time of occurrence of abdominal-aneurysm, it may not show any clear symptom. However if problem gets sever it may show a few symptoms through which one can detect the disorder. Vessels are ruptured and in a few cases they may burst out. Occurrence of pain in abdomen is common. Pain may be severe, persistent or it may have its consistent effect. Once started in abdomen it may reach to other parts like buttocks, legs and groin. Another commonly observed symptom is clammy skin. Patient often suffers from vomiting and nausea. Heart-beat rate rapidly rises and one can also face shock on frequent intervals. In most commonly occurring symptoms include frequent occurrence of sharp pain in belly, back and chest regions. Simultaneously one can also feel discomfort. Abdominal aneurysm is detected by certain medical tests like CT-Scanning, Ultrasound, and MRI etc.
This disorder is caused mostly due weak and elastic nature of aortic walls. These have the characteristics of getting stretched as well as contract depending upon blood flow.
However, due to certain problems like problems of high-blood-pressure as well as atherosclerosis can cause damage to these arteries. As the walls of artery weaken these may cause bursting of the same. People generally are not able to detect abdominal aneurysm until and unless they are aware of symptoms of this disease.
Abdominal aneurysm methods of therapy
Abdominal aneurysm should be treated with an effective diagnostic therapy. Treatment of this disorder depends upon as to how big or small problem is. If tests have identified large and faster growing aneurysm then surgical operation is the most feasible treatment options. It is opted for un-ruptured aneurysm. It is performed by a vascular surgeon by making incision below breastbone to top of pubic-bone. After that aorta is clamped off and it is sewed in form of graft which works as a bridge for arteries in blood circulation. As blood moves through the plastic grafts its pressure is not felt by weak walls of aorta so that they are secure and do not rupture further.
Minor symptoms of this disease can be treated by using high BP medicines. Beta-blockers are considered effective choice in this regard. It lowers blood pressure thus minimizing effect of pressure on aorta. Having a healthy diet followed by regular physical exercise can also prevent occurrence of abdominal aneurysm symptoms.